Kaison Phomvihan

(1920–1992)
   A Laotian nationalist and communist, Kaison led the Pathet Lao (communist party army), and was prime minister of the People’s Democratic Republic of Laos and general secretary of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party. Born in Savannakhet province and educated at Hanoi University Kaison fought in the wars of independence against the French first in Vietnam and then in Laos. He fought with the Pathet Lao in the Laotian civil war after the ousting of the French, and in 1975 became the first prime minister of the newly formed People’s Democratic Republic of Laos and president from 1991 to 1992. He pursued a radical policy of nationalizing industry and collectivizing agriculture, although this was moderated over time.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

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